The Italian Republic is a state in the south of Europe. It borders with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia.
The mountains of the Dolomites that cross northern Italy are part of the Alps mountain chain. The Apennines pass through the center of Italy, extending from north to south and dividing the eastern and western coasts.
As part of Italy, there are also two independent countries. The Vatican is the center of the Roman Catholic Church, and the smallest country in the world is San Marino, which is on the north coast of Italy and is an independent republic.
Italy Weather: [simple-weather location=”Rome, Italy” days=”2″]
Italy is located in a temperate and – for the most part – subtropical belt. Some factors have a determining effect on the climate of Italy: the Mediterranean Sea, a considerable extent from the north to the south (the elongation of the territory) and the predominance of mountain and hilly terrain. Here you can distinguish 3 climatic zones: in the area around Milan – moderately warm with cool winters and hot summers; in the mountainous regions (the Apennines and the Alps), the winter is cold and long, the summer is cool and short; the rest of the territory is mild and the summer is hot and dry. In the south of the mainland and on the islands the climate is subtropical.